Journal articles and book chapters by Cottonwood Ecology Group members are listed below with links to the publications, when available. Many of these publications are available free of charge through ResearchGate, a social media platform that allows scientists to share their publications and findings. Please email us to request a PDF of any of these publications.
Ikeda DH, Bothwell HM, Lau MK, O’Neill GA, Grady KC, Whitham TG. 2014. A genetics-based universal community transfer function for predicting the impacts of climate change on future communities. Functional Ecology 28:65–74. [ResearchGate]
Wymore AS, Bothwell HM, Compson ZG, Lamit LJ, Walker FM, Woolbright S, Whitham TG. 2014. Community genetics applications for forest biodiversity and policy: planning for the future. In Fenning T, editor. Challenges and opportunities for the world’s forests in the 21st century. London (UK): Springer. p. 707–725.
Bangert RK, Ferrier SM, Grady KC, Kennedy K, Evans L, Hersch-Green E, Allan GJ, Whitham TG. 2013. The proportion of three foundation plant species and their genotypes influence an arthropod community: restoration implications for the endangered southwestern willow flycatcher. Restoration Ecology 21(4):447–456.
Busby PE, Newcombe G, Dirzo R, Whitham TG. 2013. Genetic basis of pathogen community structure for foundation tree species in a common garden and in the wild. Journal of Ecology 101:867–877. [ResearchGate]
Compson ZG, Adams KJ, Edwards JA, Maestas JM, Whitham TG, Marks JC. 2013. Leaf litter quality affects aquatic insect emergence: contrasting patterns from two foundation trees. Oecologia 173:507–519. [ResearchGate]
Evans LM, Allan GJ, Meneses N, Max TL, Whitham TG. 2013. Herbivore host-associated genetic differentiation depends on the scale of plant genetic variation examined. Evolutionary Ecology 27(1):65–81. [ResearchGate]
Fischer, DG, Chapman SK, Classen AT, Gehring CA, Grady KC, Schweitzer JA, Whitham TG. 2013. Plant genetic effects on soils under climate change. Plant and Soil. doi:10.1007/s11104-013-1972-x [ResearchGate]
Gehring CA, Flores-Rentería D, Sthultz CM, Leonard TM, Flores-Rentería L, Whipple AV, Whitham TG. 2013. Plant genetics and interspecific competitive interactions determine ectomycorrhizal fungal community responses to climate change. Molecular Ecology 23:1379–1391. [ResearchGate]
Grady KC, Laughlin DC, Ferrier SM, Kolb TE, Hart SC, Allan GJ, Whitham TG. 2013. Conservative leaf economic traits correlate with fast growth of genotypes of a foundation riparian species near the thermal maximum extent of its geographic range. Functional Ecology 27:427–438. [ResearchGate]
Holeski LM, Zinkgraf MS, Couture JJ, Whitham TG, Lindroth RL. 2013. Transgenerational effects of herbivory in a group of long-lived tree species: maternal damage reduces offspring allocation to resistance traits, but not growth. Journal of Ecology 101:1062–1073. [ResearchGate]
Allan GJ, Shuster SM, Woolbright S, Walker FM, Meneses N, Keith A, Bailey JK, Whitham TG. 2012. Interspecific indirect genetic effects (IIGEs): Linking genetics and genomics to community ecology and ecosystem processes. In Ohgushi T, Schmitz OJ, Holt RD, editors. Trait-mediated indirect interactions: ecological and evolutionary perspectives. Cambridge (UK): Cambridge University Press. p. 295–323.
Bailey JK, Schweitzer JA, Úbeda F, Fitzpatrick BM, Genung MA, Pregitzer CC, Zinkgraf M, Whitham TG, Keith A, O’Reilly-Wapstra JM, Potts BM, Rehill BJ, LeRoy CJ, Fischer DG. 2012. From genes to ecosystems: emerging concepts bridging ecological and evolutionary dynamics. In Iason GR, Dicke M, Hartley SE, editors. The ecology of plant secondary metabolites: from genes to global processes. New York (NY): Cambridge University Press. p. 269–286.
Evans LM, Allan GJ, Whitham TG. 2012. Populus hybrid hosts drive divergence in the herbivorous mite, Aceria parapopuli: implications for conservation of plant hybrid zones as essential habitat. Conservation Genetics 13(6):1601–1609. [ResearchGate]
Evans LM, Clark JS, Whipple AV, Whitham TG. 2012. The relative influences of host plant genotype and yearly abiotic variability in determining herbivore abundance. Oecologia 168(2):483–489. [ResearchGate]
Ferrier SM, Bangert RK, Hersch-Green E, Bailey JK, Allan GJ, Whitham TG. 2012. Unique arthropod communities on different host-plant genotypes results in greater arthropod diversity. Arthropod-Plant Interactions 6(2)187–195. [ResearchGate]
Meneses N, Bailey JK, Allan GJ, Bangert RK, Bowker MA, Rehill BJ, Wimp GM, Lindroth RL, Whitham TG. 2012. Arthropod community similarity in clonal stands of aspen: a test of the genetic similarity rule. Ecoscience 19(1):48–58.
Schweitzer JA, Bailey JK, Fischer DG, LeRoy CJ, Whitham TG, Hart SC. 2012. Functional and heritable consequences of plant genotype on community composition and ecosystem processes. In Ohgushi T, Schmitz OJ, Holt RD, editors. Trait-mediated indirect interactions: ecological and evolutionary perspectives. New York (NY): Cambridge University Press. p. 371–390.
Smith DS, Schweitzer JA, Turk P, Bailey JK, Hart SC, Shuster SM, Whitham TG. 2012. Soil-mediated local adaptation alters seedling survival and performance. Plant and Soil 352: 243–251. [ResearchGate]
Whitham TG, Gehring CA, Lamit LJ, Wojtowicz T, Evans LM, Keith AR, Smith DS. 2012. Community specificity: life and afterlife effects of genes. Trends in Plant Science 17(5):271–281. [ResearchGate]
Adams RI, Goldberry S, Whitham TG, Zinkgraf MS, Dirzo R. 2011. Hybridization among dominant tree species correlates positively with understory plant diversity. American Journal of Botany 98(10):1623–1632. [ResearchGate]
Compson ZG, Larson KC, Zinkgraf MS, Whitham TG. 2011. A genetic basis for the manipulation of sink-source relationships by the galling aphid, Pemphigus betae. Oecologia 167(3):711–721. [ResearchGate]
Lamit LJ, Wojtowicz T., Kovacs Z, Wooley SC, Zinkgraf M, Whitham TG, Lindroth Rl, Gehring CA. 2011. Hybridization among foundation tree species influences the structure of associated understory plant communities. Botany 89(3):165–174.
Lamit LJ, Bowker MA, Holeski LM, Næsborg RR, Wooley SC, Zinkgraf M, Lindroth RL, Whitham TG, Gehring CA. 2011. Genetically-based trait variation within a foundation tree species influences a dominant bark lichen. Fungal Ecology 4:103–109.
Smith DS, Bailey JK, Shuster SM, Whitham TG. 2011. A geographic mosaic of trophic interactions and selection: trees, aphids and birds. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 24(2):422–429. [ResearchGate]
Wymore AS, Keeley ATH, Yturralde KM, Schroer ML, Propper CR, Whitham TG. 2011. Genes to ecosystems: exploring the frontiers of ecology with one of the smallest biological units. New Phytologist 191:19–36.
Arnold AE, Lamit LJ, Gehring CA, Bidartondo MI, Callahan H. 2010. Interwoven branches of the plant and fungal trees of life. New Phytologist 185:874-878.
Keith AR, Bailey JK, Whitham TG. 2010. A genetic basis to community repeatability and stability. Ecology 91(11):3398–3406. [ResearchGate]
Lau MK, Whitham TG, Lamit LJ, Johnson NC. 2010. Ecological and evolutionary interaction network exploration: addressing the complexity of biological interactions in natural systems with community genetics and statistics. Journal of Integrated Field Science 7:17-25.
Whitham TG, Gehring CA, Evans LM, LeRoy CJ, Bangert RK, Schweitzer JA, Allan GJ, Barbour RC, Fischer DG, Potts BM, Bailey JK. 2010. A community and ecosystem genetics approach to conservation biology and management. In DeWoody JA, Bickham JW, Michler CH, Nichols KM, Rhodes OE, Woeste KE, editors. Molecular approaches in natural resource conservation and management. New York (NY): Cambridge University Press. p. 50–73.
2009 Accordion Closed
Bailey JK, Schweitzer JA, Úbeda F, Koricheva J, LeRoy CJ, Madritch MD, Rehill BJ, Bangert RK, Fischer DG, Allan GJ, Whitham TG. 2009. From genes to ecosystems: a synthesis of the effects of plant genetic factors across levels of organization. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B 364:1607–1616. [ResearchGate]
Holeski LM, Kearsley MJC, Whitham TG. 2009. Separating ontogenetic and environmental determination of resistance to herbivory in cottonwood. Ecology 90(11):2969–2973. [ResearchGate]
Lojewski NR, Fischer DG, Bailey JK, Schweitzer JA, Whitham TG, Hart SC. 2009. Genetic basis of above ground productivity in two native Populus species and their hybrids. Tree Physiology 29:1133–1142. [ResearchGate]
2008 Accordion Closed
Bangert RK, Lonsdorf EV, Wimp GM, Shuster SM, Fischer D, Schweitzer JA, Allan GJ, Bailey JK, Whitham TG. 2008. Genetic structure of a foundation species: scaling community phenotypes from the individual to the region. Heredity 100:121–131. [ResearchGate]
Evans, L.M., G.J. Allan, S.M. Shuster, S.A. Woolbright, and Whitham TG. 2008. Tree hybridization and genotypic variation drive cryptic speciation of a specialist mite herbivore. Evolution 62:3027–3040. [ResearchGate]
Schweitzer JA, Bailey JK, Fischer DG, LeRoy CJ, Lonsdorf EV, Whitham TG, Hart SC. 2008. Plant-soil-microorganism interactions: heritable relationship between plant genotype and associated soil microorganisms. Ecology 89(3):773–781. [ResearchGate]
Schweitzer JA, Madritch MD, Bailey JK, LeRoy CJ, Fischer DG, Rehill BJ, Lindroth RL, Hagerman AE, Wooley SC, Hart SC, Whitham TG. 2008. From genes to ecosystems: the genetic basis of condensed tannins and their role in nutrient regulation in a Populus model system. Ecosystems 11:1005–1020. [ResearchGate]
Whitham TG, DiFazio SP, Schweitzer JA, Shuster SM, Allan GJ, Bailey JK, Woolbright SA. 2008. Extending genomics to natural communities and ecosystems. Science 320:492–495. [ResearchGate]
Woolbright SA, DiFazio SP, Yin T, Martinsen GD, Zhang X, Allan GJ, Whitham TG, Keim P. 2008. A dense linkage map of a hybrid (Populus fremontii x P. angustifolia) contributes to long-term ecological research and comparison mapping in a model forest tree. Heredity 100:59–70. [ResearchGate]
2007 Accordion Closed
LeRoy CJ, Whitham TG, Wooley SC, Marks JC. 2007. Within-species variation in foliar chemistry influences leaf-litter decomposition in a Utah river. Journal of The North American Benthological Society 26(3):426–438. [ResearchGate]
Schweitzer JA, Bailey JK, Bangert RK, Hart SC, Whitham TG. 2007. The role of plant genetic variation in determining above- and belowground microbial communities. In Bailey MJ, Lilley AK, Timms-Wilson TM, Spencer-Phillips PTN, editors. Microbial ecology of aerial plant surfaces. Wallingford (UK): CABI Publishing. p. 107–199.
Wimp GM, Wooley S, Bangert RK, Young WP, Martinson GD, Keim P, Rehill B, Lindroth RL, Whitham TG. 2007. Plant genetics predicts intra-annual variation in phytochemistry and arthropod community structure. Molecular Ecology 16:5057–5069. [ResearchGate]
2006 Accordion Closed
Bailey JK, Wooley SC, Lindroth RL, Whitham TG. 2006. Importance of species interactions to community heritability: a genetic basis to trophic-level interactions. Ecology Letters 9:78–85. [ResearchGate]
Bangert RK, Allan GJ, Turek RJ, Wimp GM, Meneses N, Martinsen GD, Keim P, Whitham TG. 2006. From genes to geography: a genetic similarity rule for arthropod community structure at multiple geographic scales. Molecular Ecology 15:4215–4228. [ResearchGate]
Bangert RK, Turek RJ, Rehill B, Wimp GM, Schweitzer JA, Allan GJ, Bailey JK, Martinsen GD, Keim P, Lindroth RL, Whitham TG. 2006. A genetic similarity rule determines arthropod community structure. Molecular Ecology 15:1379–1391. [ResearchGate]
Gehring CA, Mueller RC, Whitham TG. 2006. Environmental and genetic effects on the formation of ectomycorrhizal and arbuscular mycorrhizal associations in cottonwoods. Oecologia 149:158–164. [ResearchGate]
Rehill BJ, Whitham TG, Martinsen GD, Schweitzer JA, Bailey JK, Lindroth RL. 2006. Developmental trajectories in cottonwood phytochemistry. Journal of Chemical Ecology 32:2269–2285. [ResearchGate]
Shuster SM, Lonsdorf EV, Wimp GM, Bailey JK, Whitham TG. 2006. Community heritability measures the evolutionary consequences of indirect genetic effects on community structure. Evolution 60(5):991–1003. [ResearchGate]
Whitham TG, Bailey JK, Schweitzer JA, Shuster SM, Bangert RK, LeRoy CJ, Lonsdorf EV, Allan GJ, DiFazio SP, Potts BM, Fischer DG, Gehring CA, Lindroth RL, Marks JC, Hart SC, Wimp GM, Wooley SC. 2006. A framework for community and ecosystem genetics: from genes to ecosystems. Nature Reviews Genetics 7:510–523. [ResearchGate]
2005 Accordion Closed
Bangert, RK, Turek RJ, Martinsen GD, Wimp GM, Bailey JK, Whitham TG. 2005. Conservation of plant genetic diversity benefits arthropod diversity. Conservation Biology 19:379-390. [ResearchGate]
Classen AT, Hart SC, Whitman TG, Cobb NS, Koch GW. 2005. Insect infestations linked to shifts in microclimate: Important climate change implications. Soil Science Society of America 69:2049-2057. [ResearchGate]
Cox G, Fischer DG, Hart SC, Whitham TG. 2005. Nonresponse of native cottonwood trees to water additions during summer drought. Western North American Naturalist 65:175-185. [ResearchGate]
Rehill B, Clauss A, Wieczorek L, Whitham T, Lindroth R. 2005. Foliar phenolic glycosides from Populus fremontii, Populus angustifolia, and their hybrids. Biochemical Systematics and Ecology 33:125-131. [ResearchGate]
Schweitzer JA, Bailey JK, Hart SC, Whitham TG. 2005. Nonadditive effects of mixing cottonwood genotypes on litter decomposition and nutrient dynamics. Ecology 86(10): 2834-2840. [ResearchGate]
Schweitzer JA, Bailey JK, Hart SC, Wimp GM, Chapman SK, Whitham TG. 2005.The interaction of plant genotype and herbivory decelerate leaf litter decomposition and alter nutrient dynamics. Oikos 110:133-145. [ResearchGate]
Shuster, T. D.; N. S. Cobb; T. G. Whitham and S. C. Hart. 2005. Relative importance of environmental stress and herbivory in reducing litter fall in a semiarid woodland. Ecosystems 8:62-72. [ResearchGate]
Whitham TG, Lonsdorf E, Schweitzer JA, Bailey JK, Fischer DG, Shuster SM, Lindroth RL, Hart SC, Allan GJ, Gehring CA, Keim P, Potts BM, Marks J, Rehill BJ, DiFazio SP, LeRoy CJ, Wimp GM, Woolbright S. 2005. “All effects of a gene on the world”: extended phenotypes, feedbacks, and multi-level selection. Ecoscience 12:5-7. [ResearchGate]
Wimp GM, Martinsen GD, Floate KD, Bangert RK, Whitham TG. 2005. Plant genetic determinants of arthropod community structure and diversity. Evolution 59:61-69. [ResearchGate]
2004 Accordion Closed
Bailey JK, Schweitzer JA, Rehill BJ, Lindroth RL, Martinsen GD, Whitham TG. 2004. Beavers as molecular geneticists: a genetic basis to the foraging of an ecosystem engineer. Ecology 85:603-608. [ResearchGate]
Bailey JK, Bangert RK, Schweitzer JA, Trotter RT, Shuster SM, Whitham TG. 2004. Fractal geometry is heritable in trees. Evolution 58:2100-2102. [ResearchGate]
Ferrier SM, Price PW. 2004. Oviposition preference and larval performance of a rare bud-galling sawfly (Hymenoptera: Tenthredinidae) on willow in northern Arizona. Environmental Entomology 33:700-708. [ResearchGate]
Fischer DG, Hart SC, Whitham TG, Martinsen GD, Keim P. 2004. Ecosystem implications of genetic variation in water-use of a dominant riparian tree. Oecologia 139:288-297. [ResearchGate]
Flaccus K, Vlieg J, Marks JC, LeRoy CJ. 2004. Restoring Fossil Creek. The Science Teacher 71:36-40.
Floate KD. 2004. Extent and patterns of hybridization among the three species of Populus that constitute the riparian forest of southern Alberta, Canada. Canadian Journal of Botany 82:253-264.
Osier TL, Lindroth RL. 2004. Long-term effects of defoliation on quaking aspen in relation to genotype and nutrient availability: plant growth, phytochemistry and insect performance. Oecologia 139:55-65.
Price PW, Ohgushi T, Roininen H, Ishihara M, Craig TP, Tahvanainen J, Ferrier SM. 2004. Release of phylogenetic constraints through low resource heterogeneity: the case of gall-inducing sawflies. Ecological Entomology 29:467-481. [ResearchGate]
Schweitzer JA, Bailey JK, Rehill BJ, Martinsen GD, Hart SC, Lindroth RL, Keim P, Whitham TG. 2004. Genetically based trait in a dominant tree affects ecosystem processes. Ecology Letters 7:127-134. [ResearchGate]
Wimp GM, Young WP, Woolbright SA, Martinsen GD, Keim P, Whitham TG. 2004. Conserving plant genetic diversity for dependent animal communities. Ecology Letters 7:776-780. [ResearchGate]
2003 Accordion Closed
Bailey JK, Whitham TG. 2003. Interactions among elk, aspen, galling sawflies and insectivorous birds. Oikos 101:127-134.
Chapman SK, Hart, SC, Cobb NC, Whitham, TG, Koch GW. 2003. Insect herbivory increases litter quality and decomposition: an extension of the acceleration hypothesis. Ecology 84:2867-2876. [ResearchGate]
Lawrence R, Potts BM, Whitham TG. 2003. Relative importance of plant ontogeny, host genetic variation, and leaf age for a common herbivore. Ecology 84:1171-1178. [ResearchGate]
McIntyre PJ, Whitham TG. 2003. Plant genotype affects long-term herbivore population dynamics and extinction: conservation implications. Ecology 84:311-322.
Whitham TG, Young WP, Martinsen GD, Gehring CA, Schweitzer JA, Shuster SM, Wimp GM, Fischer DG, Bailey JK, Lindroth RL, Woolbright S, Kuske CR. 2003. Community and ecosystem genetics: a consequence of the extended phenotype. Ecology 84:559-573. [ResearchGate]
2002 Accordion Closed
Bailey JK, Whitham TG. 2002. Interactions among fire, aspen, and elk affect insect diversity: reversal of a community response. Ecology 83:1701-1712. [ResearchGate]
Lindroth RL, Wood SA, Kopper BJ. 2002. Response of quaking aspen genotypes to enriched CO2: foliar chemistry and tussock moth performance. Agricultural and Forest Entomology 4:315-323. [ResearchGate]
Schweitzer JA, Martinsen GD, Whitham TG. 2002. Cottonwood hybrids gain fitness traits of both parents: a mechanism for their long-term persistence? American Journal of Botany 89:981-990.
2001 Accordion Closed
Bailey JK, Schweitzer JA, Whitham TG. 2001. Salt cedar negatively affects biodiversity of aquatic macroinvertebrates. Wetlands 21:442-447. [ResearchGate]
Brown JH, Whitham TG, Morgan Ernest SK, Gehring CA. 2001. Complex species interactions and the dynamics of ecological systems: long-term experiments. Science 293:643-650. [ResearchGate]
Lindroth RL, Kopper BJ, Parsons WFJ, Bockheim JG, Karnosky DF, Hendrey GR, Pregitzer KS, Isebrands JG, Sober J. 2001. Consequences of elevated carbon dioxide and ozone for foliar chemical composition and dynamics in trembling aspen (Populus tremuloides) and paper birch (Betula papyrifera). Environmental Pollution 115:395-404. [ResearchGate]
Martinsen GD, Whitham TG, Turek RJ, Keim P. 2001. Hybrid populations selectively filter gene introgression between species. Evolution 55:1325-1335.
Osier TL, Lindroth RL. 2001. Effects of genotype, nutrient availability, and defoliation on aspen phytochemistry and insect performance. Journal of Chemical Ecology 27:1289-1313. [ResearchGate]
Wimp GM, Whitham TG. 2001. Biodiversity consequences of predation and host plant hybridization on an aphid-ant mutualism. Ecology 82:440-452. [ResearchGate]
2000 Accordion Closed
Driebe EM, Whitham TG. 2000. Cottonwood hybridization affects tannin and nitrogen content of leaf litter and alters decomposition. Oecologia 123:99-107.
Dungey HS, Potts BM, Whitham TG, Li H-F. 2000. Plant genetics affects arthropod community richness and composition: evidence from asynthetic eucalypt hybrid population. Evolution 54:1938-1946.
Martinsen GD, Floate KD, Waltz AM, Wimp GM, Whitham TG. 2000. Positive interactions between leafrollers and other arthropods enhance biodiversity on hybrid cottonwoods. Oecologia 123:82-89. [ResearchGate]
White JA, Whitham TG. 2000. Associational susceptibility of cottonwood to a box elder herbivore. Ecology 81:1795-1803.
1999 Accordion Closed
Lindroth RL, Hwang S-Y, Osier TL. 1999. Phytochemical variation in quaking aspen: effects on gypsy moth susceptibility to nuclear polyhedrosis virus. Journal of Chemical Ecology 25:1331-1343.
Whitham TG, Martinsen GD, Floate KD, Dungey HS, Potts BM, Keim P. 1999. Plant hybrid zones affect biodiversity: tools for a genetic-based understanding of community structure. Ecology 80:416-428.
1998 Accordion Closed
Gehring CA, Theimer TC, Whitham TG, Keim P. 1998. Ectomycorrhizal fungal community structure of pinyon pines growing in two environmental extremes. Ecology 79:1562-1572. [ResearchGate]
Kearsley MJ, Whitham TG. 1998. The developmental stream of cottonwoods affects ramet growth and resistance to galling aphids. Ecology 79:178-191.
Lindroth RL, Kinney KK. 1998. Consequences of enriched atmospheric CO2 and defoliation for foliar chemistry and gypsy moth performance. Journal of Chemical Ecology 24:1677-1695.
Martinsen GD, Driebe EM, Whitham TG. 1998. Indirect interactions mediated by changing plant chemistry: beaver browsing benefits beetles. Ecology 79:192-200.
1997 Accordion Closed
Cobb NS, Mopper S, Gehring CA, Caouette M, Christensen KM, Whitham TG. 1997. Increased moth herbivory associated with environmental stress of pinyon pine at local and regional levels. Oecologia 109:389-397.
Floate KD, Martinsen GD, Whitham TG. 1997. Cottonwood hybrid zones as centres of abundance for gall aphids in western North America: importance of relative habitat size. Journal of Animal Ecology 66:179-188.
Gehring CA, Cobb NS, Whitham TG. 1997. Three-way interactions among ectomycorrhizal mutualists, scale insects, and resistant and susceptible pinyon pines. American Naturalist 149:824-841. [ResearchGate]
Larson KC, Whitham TG. 1997. Competition between gall aphids and natural plant sinks: plant architecture affects resistance to galling. Oecologia 109:575-582.
Lindroth RL, Klein KA, Hemming, JDC, Feuker AM. 1997. Variation in temperature and dietary nitrogen affect performance of the gypsy moth (Lymantria dispar L.). Physiological Entomology 22:55-64. [ResearchGate]
Lindroth RL, Roth S, Kruger EL, Volin JC, Koss PA. 1997. CO2-mediated changes in aspen chemistry: effects on gypsy moth performance and susceptibility to virus. Global Change Biology 3:279-289.
Waltz AM, Whitham TG. 1997. Plant development affects arthropod communities: opposing impacts of species removal. Ecology 78:2133-2144.
1996 Accordion Closed
Dickson LL, Whitham TG. 1996. Genetically-based plant resistance traits affect arthropods, fungi, and birds. Oecologia 106:400-406.
Fay PA, Preszler RW, Whitham TG. 1996. The functional resource of a gall-forming adelgid. Oecologia 105:199-204.
Floate KD, Fernandes GW, Nilsson JA. 1996. Distinguishing intrapopulational categories of plants by their insect faunas: galls on rabbitbrush. Oecologia 105:221-229.
Lindroth RL, Koss PA. 1996. Preservation of Salicaceae leaves for phytochemical analyses: further assessment. Journal of Chemical Ecology 22:765-776. [ResearchGate]
1995 Accordion Closed
Christensen KM, Whitham TG, Keim P. 1995. Herbivory and tree mortality across a pinyon pine hybrid zone. Oecologia 101:29-36.
Floate KD, Whitham TG. 1995. Insects as traits in plant systematics: their use in discriminating between hybrid cottonwoods. Canadian Journal of Botany 73:1-13.
Gehring CA, Whitham TG. 1995. Duration of herbivore removal and environmental stress affect the ectomycorrhizae of pinyon pines. Ecology 76:2118-2123.
1994 Accordion Closed
Floate KD, Whitham TG. 1994. Aphid-ant interaction reduces chrysomelid herbivory in a cottonwood hybrid zone. Oecologia 97:215-221.
Gehring, C. A. and T. G. Whitham. 1994. Interactions between aboveground herbivores and the mycorrhizal mutualists of plants. Trends in Ecology & Evolution 9:251-255.
Martinsen GD, Whitham TG. 1994. More birds nest in hybrid cottonwood trees. Wilson Bulletin 106:474-481.
Whitham TG, Morrow PA, Potts BM. 1994. Plant hybrid zones as centers of biodiversity: the herbivore community of two endemic Tasmanian eucalypts. Oecologia 97:481-490.
1993 Accordion Closed
Christensen KM, Whitham TG. 1993. Impact of insect herbivores on competition between birds and mammals for pinyon pine seeds. Ecology 74:2270-2278. [ResearchGate]
Floate KD, Whitham TG. 1993. The “hybrid bridge” hypothesis: host shifting via plant hybrid swarms. American Naturalist 141:651-662.
Floate, KD, Kearsley MJC, Whitham TG. 1993. Elevated herbivory in plant hybrid zones: Chrysomela confluens, Populus and phenological sinks. Ecology 74:2056-2065.
Lindroth RL, Reich PB, Tjoelker MG, Volin JC, Oleksyn J. 1993. Light environment alters response to ozone stress in seedlings of Acer saccharum Marsh. and hybrid Populus L. III. Consequences for performance of gypsy moth. New Phytologist 124:647-651.
1992 Accordion Closed
Gehring CA, Whitham TG. 1992. Reduced mycorrhizae on Juniperus monosperma with mistletoe: the influence of environmental stress and tree gender on a plant parasite and a plant-fungal mutualism. Oecologia 89:298-303.
Kearsley MJC, Whitham TG. 1992. Guns and butter: a no cost defense against predation for Chrysomela confluens. Oecologia 92:556-562.
Mopper S, Whitham TG. 1992. The plant stress paradox: effects on pinyon sawfly sex ratios and fecundity. Ecology 73:515-525.
1991 Accordion Closed
Christensen KM, Whitham TG. 1991. Indirect herbivore mediation of avian seed dispersal in pinyon pine. Ecology 72:534-542.
Christensen KM, Whitham TG, Balda RP. 1991. Discrimination among pinyon pine trees by Clark’s nutcrackers: effects of cone crop size and cone characters. Oecologia 86:402-407.
Gehring CA, Whitham TG. 1991. Herbivore-driven mycorrhizal mutualism in insect-susceptible pinyon pine. Nature 353:556-557.
Larson KC, and Whitham TG. 1991. Manipulation of food resources by a gall-forming aphid: the physiology of sink-source interactions. Oecologia 88:15-21.
Lindroth RL. 1991. Biochemical ecology of Aspen-Lepidoptera interactions. Journal of the Kansas Entomological Society 64:372-380.
Lindroth RL, Weisbrod AV. 1991. Genetic variation in response of the gypsy moth to aspen phenolic glycosides. Biochemical Systematics and Ecology 19:97-103.
Lindroth RL, Bloomer MS. 1991. Biochemical ecology of the forest tent caterpillar: responses to dietary protein and phenolic glycosides. Oecologia 86:408-413.
Lindroth RL, Barman MA, Weisbrod AV. 1991. Nutrient deficiencies and the gypsy moth, Lymantria dispar: Effects on larval performance and detoxication enzyme activities. Journal of Insect Physiology 37:45-52.
Mopper S, Mitton JB, Whitham TG, Cobb NS, Christensen KM. 1991. Genetic differentiation and heterozygosity in pinyon pine associated with resistance to herbivory and environmental stress. Evolution 45:989-999.
1990 Accordion Closed
Fay PA, Whitham TG. 1990. Within-plant distribution of a galling adelgid (Homoptera: Adelgidae): the consequences of conflicting survivorship, growth, and reproduction. Ecological Entomology 15:245-254.
Lindroth RL, Hemming JDC. 1990. Responses of the gypsy moth (Lepidoptera: Lymantriidae) to tremulacin, an aspen phenolic glycoside. Environmental Entomology 19(4):842-847.
Lindroth RL, Anson BD, Weisbrod AV. 1990. Effects of protein and juglone on gypsy moths: Growth performance and detoxification enzyme activity. Journal of Chemical Ecology 16:2533-2548.
Martinsen GD, Cushman, JH, Whitham TG. 1990. Impact of pocket gopher disturbance on plant species diversity in a shortgrass prairie community. Oecologia 83:132-138. [ResearchGate]
Mopper S, Whitham TG, Price PW. 1990. Plant phenotype and interspecific competition between insects determine sawfly performance and density. Ecology 71(6):2135-2144.
Moran NA, Whitham TG. 1990. Interspecific competition between root-feeding and leaf-galling aphids mediated by host-plant resistance. Ecology 71(3):1050-1058.
Moran NA, Whitham TG. 1990. Differential colonization of resistant and susceptible host plants: Pemphigus and Populus. Ecology 71(3):1059-1067.
1989 Accordion Closed
Kearsley MJC, Whitham TG. 1989. Developmental changes in resistance to herbivory: implications for individuals and populations. Ecology 70:422-434.
Keim P, Paige KN, Whitham TG, Lark KG. 1989. Genetic analysis of an interspecific hybrid swarm of Populus: occurrence of unidirectional introgression. Genetics 123:557-565. [ResearchGate]
Maschinski J, Whitham TG. 1989. The continuum of plant responses to herbivory: the influence of plant association, nutrient availability, and timing. American Naturalist 134:1-19. [ResearchGate]
Whitham TG. 1989. Plant hybrid zones as sinks for pests. Science 244:1490-1493.
1988 Accordion Closed
Moran NA, Whitham TG. 1988. Population fluctuations in complex life cycles: an example from Pemphigus aphids. Ecology 69:1214-1218.
1987 Accordion Closed
Paige KN, Whitham TG. 1987. Flexible life history traits: shifts by scarlet gilia in response to pollinator abundance. Ecology 68:1691-1695.
Paige KN, Whitham TG. 1987. Overcompensation in response to mammalian herbivory: the advantage of being eaten. American Naturalist 129:407-416.
Whitham TG. 1987. Evolution of territoriality by herbivores in response to host plant defenses. American Zoologist 27:359-369.
1986 Accordion Closed
Whitham TG. 1986. Costs and benefits of territoriality: behavioral and reproductive release by competing aphids. Ecology 67:139-147.
Williams AG, Whitham TG. 1986. Premature leaf abscission: an induced plant defense against gall aphids. Ecology 67:1619-1627.
1985 Accordion Closed
Whitham TG, Mopper S. 1985. Chronic herbivory: impacts on architecture and sex expression of pinyon pine. Science 228:1089-1091.
1980 Accordion Closed
Whitham T G. 1980. The theory of habitat selection: examined and extended using Pemphigus aphids. The American Naturalist 115:449-466.
1978 Accordion Closed
Whitham TG. 1978. Habitat selection by Pemphigus aphids in a response to resource limitation and competition. Ecology 59:1164-1176.