Campus Health Services (928) 523-2131
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What is Monkeypox?
Monkeypox is a rare disease caused by infection with the Monkeypox virus. Monkeypox virus is part of the same family of viruses as variola virus, the virus that causes smallpox. Monkeypox symptoms are similar to smallpox symptoms, but milder, and Monkeypox is rarely fatal. Monkeypox is not related to chickenpox.
Who is at risk?
Monkeypox virus can infect anyone regardless of age, gender identity or sexual orientation. The risk of Monkeypox infection to the general population is low, however certain behavioral factors increase the risk of transmission. Men that have sex with men have been infected more than the general population. People exposed to Monkeypox typically develop symptoms within three weeks of exposure.
How is it spread?
Monkeypox is spread person-to-person primarily through contact with sores, scabs or body fluids during close contact while kissing, hugging, massaging, cuddling or sexual activity. Monkeypox can also spread through contact with materials that have been used by someone with Monkeypox, including clothing and bedding. Although less common, it can also be transmitted through prolonged face-to-face contact with someone who has the virus.
What should I do if I suspect I might have Monkeypox?
- Isolate from others until you have been assessed by a healthcare professional. Cover any rashes with clothing and wear a mask. Avoid close contact with others including pets.
- Let your healthcare provider know that you are concerned that you might have Monkeypox since additional infection prevention precautions need to be taken prior to your visit.
- Most cases of Monkeypox are mild and symptoms can be treated with over-the-counter medications. Some investigational treatments may be available for people with severe symptoms or those at high risk of severe disease.
- People with Monkeypox should isolate until all their rash has resolved, scabs have fallen off, and their skin is fully healed. This may take 2-4 weeks.
- Campus Health Services can test for Monkeypox
Vaccination with the smallpox vaccine may provide some protection against Monkeypox. Vaccine supply is currently very limited in the United States and those at highest risk of exposure to Monkeypox are being prioritized, including those who have a known exposure to someone with Monkeypox. Vaccines are currently available for certain high-risk populations through Coconino County.